1. Noun.  The system of bureaucratic patronage in the former Soviet Union.
  2. Noun.  The lists of appointments in this system, and the people on such lists.
  3. Noun.  (context, by extension) The upper echelons of Soviet society.

This is an unmodified, but possibly outdated, definition from Wiktionary and used here under the Creative Commons license. Wiktionary is a great resource. If you like it too, please donate to Wikimedia.

This entry was last updated on RefTopia from its source on 3/20/2012.