- Adjective. (context, Original Latin sense) Abstaining from wine.
- Adjective. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions.
- Adjective. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation.
- Adjective. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an ''abstemious'' life.
- Adjective. (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness.