- Verb. (intransitive) Refrain from (something); hold one's self aloof; to forbear or keep from doing, especially an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with ''from''.
- Verb. (intransitive) To shun voluntarily.
- Verb. (intransitive) Deliberately refrain from casting one's vote at a meeting where one is present.
- Verb. (transitive) Hinder; withhold.