- Adjective. Of, from, or pertaining to Arab countries or cultural behaviour (see also Arab as an adjective).
- Proper noun. A major Semitic language originating from the Arabian peninsula, and now spoken natively (in various spoken dialects, all sharing a single highly conservative standardized literary form) throughout large sections of the Middle East and North Africa.
- Proper noun. The Aramaic-derived alphabet used to write the Arabic, Persian, Pashto, Urdu, and Uyghur languages, among others.